The structures that make up the mouth and jaws (bones, teeth, glands, gums and lining tissues) can occasionally develop abnormalities (pathology). These abnormalities can range from benign growths or discolorations to cancerous tumors.
Some signs of oral pathology can include
- Reddish or whitish patches on the gums or lining tissues of the mouth
- A sore that fails to heal within 7-10 days
- A lump or thickening on the gums or lining tissues of the mouth
- A swelling of the jaws or mouth that is not related to a tooth abscess
- Chronic sore throat or hoarseness
- Difficulty in chewing or swallowing
If you or your dentist notice any areas of concern, an examination by Dr. Karras may be recommended, and a biopsy may be necessary to determine the cause of the problem and the most appropriate treatment. It is important to note that areas of pathology, including cancer may not cause any pain or other obvious symptoms. Abnormal lumps, swellings, or sores should not be ignored.